狗狗缺钙的误区,别再傻傻地买钙片了!

好多小伙伴都会被宠物医生告知,自己的狗狗缺钙,然后开了一堆的钙片。也有些小伙伴,明明自己的狗狗很健康,总觉得它缺钙,然后…

好多小伙伴都会被宠物医生告知,自己的狗狗缺钙,然后开了一堆的钙片。也有些小伙伴,明明自己的狗狗很健康,总觉得它缺钙,然后天天搜狗狗缺钙的症状,狗狗缺钙怎么办等问题。

今天咱就聊聊狗狗缺钙的事!

01 在庸医和奸商嘴里,每只狗都缺钙

“你的狗缺钙!”,上来就给你一个响亮的结论。

当你问他/她为什么时,就会很有趣了。

有趣1:长得慢的狗缺钙!

懵逼的铲屎官:我的狗感觉这几天长得特别慢,同窝的狗狗都比我们家大了

对方:你这个明显缺钙啊

懵逼的铲屎官:为什么啊?

对方:缺钙会长不大的啊,永远停留在这么小……

科普:本来每只狗就会长得有快有慢,只要身材体型在正常范围内就可以了,不用因为长得慢就担心是缺钙。

有趣2:跳不高的狗缺钙!

对方:你这个狗照片看起来缺钙啊

懵逼的铲屎官:为什么啊?

对方:它都跳不高,肯定关节不好,以后老了会瘸的……

科普:跳高能力和很多因素有关,比如肌肉因素。此外,幼犬是不鼓励多跳的,反而会影响关节发育。而且,你要狗跳那么高干嘛,又不是要上天……

有趣3::骨量不大的狗缺钙!

对方:你这个狗看照片骨量不够啊,要补补钙了

懵逼的铲屎官:是吗?

对方:对啊,你要是缺钙了,以后就会骨头很细,容易骨折……

科普:首先,骨量和遗传相关,你以为吃了钙粉就是在骨头外面刷了层增肥剂么……另外,骨量并不是越大越好,你如果想要狗狗好看,还有很多方面需要考量的。
除此之外,只要看起来跑得没那么灵活的、走路动作稍有诡异的、喜欢趴着休息的不爱多运动的,都会被他们归为——缺钙

最搞笑的是,如果一个医生连血检都不做,直接告诉你狗子缺钙,让你买药买钙片,你就可以告诉他:滚!

02 我们的狗子需要多少钙呢?

我们平时说缺什么,一定得有个度量对吧。比如说「这哥们儿缺心眼儿」,那我们也会举个缺心眼儿的例子来佐证一下。

怎么到了「缺钙」这件事,大家都如此神秘不可捉摸了呢?

首先,根据美国National Research Council,一只正常的狗狗,平均每天需要吸收的钙含量大约是:50mg/kg/天

这里大家先注意了,这里是mg,不是g,也不是kg,更不是吨!

1kg = 2公斤 = 1,000g = 1,000,000mg

简单列个公式大家就知道了:

每日钙需求量 = 狗狗体重 kg × 50 mg

也就是说,如果你养了一只10kg的狗狗(一般是中型犬),那么 每天需要摄入的钙量是——500mg,也就是0.5g,大概就是1/10茶勺的量。

所以,你感受到了吗?需求量真的是很少很少的!

03 钙从哪里获取?

狗粮

如果你和大多数家长一样,喂食狗粮,那么从狗粮中就可以摄入钙:

狗狗缺钙的误区,别再傻傻地买钙片了! 喂养知识 第1张-狗粮博士
你会惊喜地发现,只要你买的是正常的狗粮,不是三无产品,那么它提供的钙完全足够!

也就是说,你就只是让狗子正常吃狗粮,钙都够够的了。

自制狗粮

如果你自己给狗狗做吃的,你可能需要计算一下你所给的食物中钙含量是否足够了。

如果你长期给狗狗只吃肉肉、内脏,会导致狗狗无法获取足够的钙质。

通常而言,乳制品的含钙量最高,羊奶、芝士、酸奶等,都可以添加到日常饮食当中。也可以适当添加一些鱼虾、菠菜。

狗狗缺钙的误区,别再傻傻地买钙片了! 喂养知识 第2张-狗粮博士
也有很多朋友问,蛋壳能不能吃,毕竟蛋壳都是碳酸钙啊。

蛋壳呢,可以吃,但是为什么我不建议呢,因为① 做起来麻烦,大部分狗狗不吃蛋壳,你要磨成粉,你累不累? ② 虽然蛋壳中大部分都是碳酸钙,但是需要强胃酸消化,吸收效果和乳酸钙、葡萄糖酸钙相比差距巨大,所以如果吃蛋壳,还不如吃乳制品,除非你吃很多很多蛋壳……(听起来好可怕)

04 摄入了足够钙,还会缺钙吗?

那些看到你的狗,就说你的狗缺钙,然后就让你买钙片的人,肯定不知道一件事:临床上,因为缺乏钙的摄入导致的缺钙情况是非常少的。

也就是说,大部分狗缺钙,不是因为吃得不够。

狗狗中存在的钙质缺乏疾病——低血钙症(Hypocalcemia),是有很明显的症状的:

  • 肌肉抽动或颤抖
  • 不协调、扭曲、僵硬的身形
  • 大喘气
  • 把脸对着物体摩擦的行为
  • 呕吐
  • 食欲不佳
  • 发烧
  • 虚弱
狗狗缺钙的误区,别再傻傻地买钙片了! 喂养知识 第3张-狗粮博士
 

首先,这些症状都是比较明显的异常现象,如果有这些症状的狗狗,应该立即被送医。

其次,这些症状可能由多种原因导致,因此,专业的医生会做全面的检查来确定原因,对症下药。

最后,即使是因为缺乏钙质引起的这些问题,也需要明确钙质缺乏的原因。包含:

  • 肾衰竭
  • 消化道问题
  • 甲状旁腺功能减退
  • 草酸盐中毒
  • 急性胰腺炎
  • ……等十几种不同原因

因此,在没有做深入检查之前,就让你吃药片补钙,那不是扯淡呢么……

合格的医院、有知识的专业人士,都会帮你找出原因,并且对症下药,而且,大概率的原因都不是你吃的不够好。

也就是说,摄入了足够量的钙,还是有可能有缺钙的问题,这时候,就更加不是买钙片的时候了。

总结一下:

首先,钙源不难求,你并不需要吃钙片,吃正规高质量的狗粮可以满足要求。

其次,缺钙的原因有很多,摄入不足只是非常小的一部分。如果有相关症状,你需要做的是看医生,找出原因,对症下药。

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