吉娃娃超级大全,看完这篇没有另外三篇,仅一篇足矣

一次偶然的机会,我看到了一只眼睛特别大,耳朵薄而直立,特别萌,特别招人喜欢的狗狗。但是我不知道这是什么狗,无奈,恨不得有…

吉娃娃狗_吉宝娃娃_苹果娃娃狗

一次偶然的机会,我看到了一只眼睛特别大,耳朵薄而直立,特别萌,特别招人喜欢的。但是我不知道这是什么,无奈,恨不得有一种软件可以对着狗扫一扫就能知道它叫啥。后来我查了很多资料,知道那种狗狗的详细背景,分享给大家,希望对你们能有所帮助。

对,就是它——吉娃娃

吉娃娃也译作芝娃娃、奇娃娃、齐花花,以墨西哥奇瓦瓦州命名,是目前人们所知道的最古老的犬种之一。

【体型】

吉娃娃犬是世界上最小型的犬种之一,头部圆形,耳大薄而直立,眼睛圆而大。身高15~23厘米,越小越受人喜爱;体重1~3公斤,重量最好不超过6磅。

【寿命】

吉娃娃的寿命一般在13-14年。可以活到13、14岁,这样的吉娃娃就是宠物狗中的老寿星。吉娃娃在1-2岁的时候成年,7岁开始步入老年,一般来说10岁的吉娃娃就相当于70岁的人的状态。

【优势】

聪明、忠诚、活泼、勇敢、动作敏捷。(饮食量不多,运动量不多)

【劣势】

吉娃娃狗_吉宝娃娃_苹果娃娃狗

畏寒、不宜养于室外犬舍。(怕鞭炮吉娃娃狗,体积较小,容易被踩到,占有欲比较强,喜欢让人抱着,粘人)

【饮食】

食物要求卫生、新鲜,食具要干净,餐后要喝清干净的水。吉娃娃天生饭量小,但新陈代谢快,很容易饥饿,一天多餐。饲料最好以干饲料为主,适度搭配一些湿的饲料。

小型的吉娃娃犬每天需要60-90克的肉类,较大型的吉娃娃犬,每天需要150克左右的肉类,另外搭配一些蔬菜和饼干。食物以温热为宜,肉类应切碎先煮熟、再加干饲料用温开水调和后食用。

【养护】

出生后第28天:驱虫

35天:打第一针疫苗(预防细小和犬瘟)

55天:打第二针四联预防针

75天:打第三针

110天:打第四针

吉宝娃娃_吉娃娃狗_苹果娃娃狗

犬仔初到新家:两周内最好沿用它先前的饲料品牌,等它对新环境适应了之后,如有需要再来改变它的饲料。为期10~14天,每天把原来的狗食拿掉十分之一,新狗食加入十分之一即可。这样两周内应该可以平顺转移。30~60的幼犬吃泡软的饲料为宜,待小狗满二个月后可改换吃颗粒硬饲料。

少量多餐:吉娃娃仔犬一天要喂食三到五次,通常刚买回家的吉娃娃应每日喂食四次,至于量的取舍最好先试着给较少的量,然后观察它是否吃得精光吉娃娃狗,而且还一直在舔碗,这样表示还可以多给一些,每只狗的食物需求量都不相同,所以相信自己的眼睛判断,看看狗儿是胖是瘦,还是保持固定体重,就知道自己喂食是否正确。

三个月后:如果狗狗每餐的食物连续有吃不完或有一餐不想吃的情况,那么可以改成一天喂三次。

六个月后:每天就可以减到两餐。给狗狗吃的肉类避免过咸,另外,餐桌上人吃的食物,不要拿来喂狗,骨头更要避免。如果狗食在碗中超过十五分钟,它还不吃,就应该立刻收走,等下一餐再喂,让狗养成定时吃饭的好习惯。

一岁之前:选择成长期配方的狗粮,它们较成犬配方狗粮含有更多的蛋白质与脂肪,供成长中的幼犬需要。

一岁之后:逐渐转成成犬用狗粮。针对狗狗过胖的情况,需要选购含蛋白质与脂肪较少,含纤维较多的狗粮。如果狗狗不喜欢减肥配方的狗粮,可减少原来狗食十分之一的量,逐渐减少喂食量,如果还是不能减重,那就要请兽医帮忙诊断了。

一岁之前:选择成长期配方的狗粮,它们较成犬配方狗粮含有更多的蛋白质与脂肪,供成长中的幼犬需要。

一岁之后:逐渐转成成犬用狗粮。针对狗狗过胖的情况,需要选购含蛋白质与脂肪较少,含纤维较多的狗粮。如果狗狗不喜欢减肥配方的狗粮,可减少原来狗食十分之一的量,逐渐减少喂食量,如果还是不能减重,那就要请兽医帮忙诊断了。

特别注意:如果狗狗患病,需要处方食品,务必经由兽医来处理,类似糖尿病、心脏病、肾脏病、胰脏炎,以及其他皮肤病,兽医可能会给狗狗开处方食品,这种处方食品与正常狗食非常不同,所以正常狗狗不可食用。有一些食物对狗狗来说是毒性的,千万要注意。

比如含糖量高的糖果饼干,会影响狗狗的食欲,造成营养不良,甚至引起腹泻、呕吐。特别是巧克力,可能造成狗狗死亡。不同品牌巧克力对狗的危害并不相同,所以不要把巧克力放在小狗可以找到的地方。

苹果娃娃狗_吉宝娃娃_吉娃娃狗

火腿这类食物的脂肪含量太高,对狗狗来说不容易消化,而且该类食物中含有大量的调味料,会危害狗狗狗的消化系统。骨头对狗狗来说也是很危险的食品。另外,除水之外,不要给狗喝其他饮料。洋葱吃太多会造成溶血症。蒜头中也含有大量造成狗血液中毒的毒素,要注意。

【注意】

1.预防吉娃娃水土不服,首先,不要喂养的太饱,应该加点生理盐水给狗狗。

2.狗狗健康状况,如果狗狗眼睛暗淡无光,身体懒洋洋,或有其他不适的征兆,尽快送宠物医院。

3.注意保持室温,尽量不要让狗狗感到冷,让吉娃娃有个温暖的家。

4.刚买的狗狗不要经常带出去,最好等狗狗适应2周后。

【美容方法】

牙齿:检查牙齿看是否需要清洗。检查脏门区域,用香皂洗净这一部位的毛发。给它洗个温水澡,从脸部开始直到全身彻底洗干净,注意不要把香皂沫溅到眼睛里。

耳部:应轻轻擦拭耳道内部,一定要保持耳内外干燥。洗澡时,确定耳朵完全晾干后再去洗其他部位。如不注意,耳杂很易引起感染。洗完澡后,用毛发干燥机吹干毛发。

趾甲:按照品系标准吉娃娃的趾甲应保持适当长度。

苹果娃娃狗_吉娃娃狗_吉宝娃娃

毛发:多梳理毛发有利于毛发健康。为参加犬展比赛,用弯剪子修理胡须,对于长毛类型的犬,应注意修剪脚周围及脚垫之间的毛发。

【眼睛抓伤护理】

吉娃娃眼睛大而有神,一旦抓伤挠伤,如不及时治疗,可能会因感染引起严重的后果。在发现娃娃的眼睛睁不开,或者充血,眼角膜发白时候,要确定是不是抓伤,如果出现出血或者角膜穿孔,自己没有经验切记不可擅自处理,一定要去医院请医生诊断处理。对于轻微不严重的抓伤,可以去药店买专用眼药水、眼膏。

【常见病护理】

湿性皮肤炎

湿性皮肤炎分为急性与慢性,急性湿性皮肤炎大多出现在炎热的季节,一旦患上,会导致狗狗背部,脖子,尾巴,或大腿等部位的毛发脱落,皮肤红肿。带脓的湿性皮肤炎,体毛或皮肤不洁,蚤类寄生,胃肠功能不适,都是引起的原因,至于慢性皮肤炎主要是初期感染皮肤未完全治愈,进而演变成湿性皮炎;像吉娃娃这种皮肤超敏感的犬种,更应该要当心。

治疗方法:可使用消炎剂和抗过敏剂与抗生素治疗。平日注重体毛的卫生与清洁,做好预防不然出现了湿性皮肤炎就麻烦了。

肥胖性疾病

据了解,吉娃娃的体内脂肪在正常情况下的分布。应该在其皮肤下面的薄层脂肪,在其腹壁肌肉之间有脂肪层,还有腹部脂肪的沉积。狗狗过于肥胖很容易生病,容易引发以下症状:

1.引起身体上的骨关节炎。

2.兽医在检查时也较为困难。

3.会加大麻醉的剂量与手术危险性。

治疗方法:治疗超重狗唯一的办法,就是减少喂食,还要增加它的运动量。不过这并不能够完全解决狗狗肥胖问题,因此还需要狗爸狗妈在平时多加注意。

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