已存在至少五千年的古老犬种——法老王猎犬

法老王猎犬(详情介绍) 这是一种很有历史底蕴的狗狗,考古发现,这种狗至少已存在至少五千年。除此以外,它还是马耳他这个国家…

已存在至少五千年的古老犬种——法老王猎犬

法老王猎犬(详情介绍)

这是一种很有历史底蕴的,考古发现,这种至少已存在至少五千年。除此以外,它还是马耳他这个国家的国兽,并且发行过刻有其肖像的银币作纪念。对,这次我们要介绍的狗就是从历史中走出来的——法老王猎犬。是我们如今了解和研究犬类历史不可多得的财富与瑰宝。

一、介绍

法老王猎犬(Pharaoh Hound)是现今最古老的犬种之一,又称科博特菲勒犬,在马耳他,法老王猎犬成为猎兔的能手,因此它们又被称为猎兔犬。考古发现的动物骨骼遗骸表明,法老王猎犬已存在至少五千年。法老王猎犬血统高贵,轮廓鲜明,线条优美。动作非常平稳、迅速、舒展、轻松,表情警惕,视觉和嗅觉都很好。它出色的捕猎技巧以及与人之间的默契关系,是一种非常优秀的猎犬。

法老王猎犬已经成为“埃及狩猎犬”的后裔中最普及的品种。与只能依靠视觉捕猎的灵缇犬不同,法老王猎犬可以通过视觉、听觉和嗅觉来捕猎。

二、历史

法老王猎犬是最古老的犬种之一,一般认为源自埃及。早在四千年前,在古埃及画像中就出现了样貌极其类似的犬种,而在古埃及的文献法老王猎犬,甚至象形文字中法老王猎犬,也可找到它们的踪迹。它们一度是历代古埃及王的宠儿。公元前十四世纪的埃及国王图坦卡蒙(Tutankhamen)偏爱一头法老王猎犬,甚至狗死以后,他命令将爱犬以上等的亚麻布包裹,搽上香膏等放进棺木里,好让它在神的面前取得荣耀。在古埃及时代的一封信中,对它们有这样的形容:“它们脸上泛起红光,犹如神一样。”

其后法老王猎犬被腓尼基商人带到马耳他岛,虽然经过二千多年的繁殖和演变,现今这犬种仍保留其原始种性和埃及祖先的样貌。法老王猎犬幸存得如此完好,作为一个独特的品种生活在相对隔绝的地方,如马耳他群岛、巴利阿里群岛和西西里岛,在法国和意大利大陆也可见到。1979年,马耳他政府宣布此犬种为国犬,并发行刻有其肖像的银币作纪念。1968年,法老王猎犬被引进到英国,1983年美国养犬俱乐部(AKC)予以正式认可。

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