万能梗有哪些来历?万能梗的宠物来历介绍

将狩猎犬种与梗犬进行杂交带来的是体型、骨量、耐力、嗅觉以及整体性能的提升。梗类猎犬满足了当时当地的很多需求。就像是Com…

狩猎犬

将狩猎犬种与梗犬进行杂交带来的是体型、骨量、耐力、嗅觉以及整体性能的提升。梗类猎犬满足了当时当地的很多需求。就像是Compton详细描述的那样,这种结合产生了无数种发展方向:“在这种犬走向潮流领域之前,它们的主人一般都是早期的工人。可能是猎场看守人,亦或是矿工和工人。”他们将自己的梗类猎犬训练成“如指示猎犬般进行指示,像猎犬般进行追踪,如獚犬般进行激飞,像寻回犬般进行寻回,如邮差般传递信件,像女仆一样给主人递上拖鞋,如保姆般照看孩童,像獒犬一样护卫主人的财产。”Compton被万能梗的“两栖能力”所深深折服。这种犬能像水獭一样潜水,像鱼一样游泳,捕捉河鼠则是一项附带技能。其实这一点绝非偶然,捕捉河鼠算得上是约克郡的首要捕猎运动,上百名观众和赌徒会在周末出现支持自己看中的赛犬。

指示猎犬

艺术家、历史学家Gladys Brown Edwards在自己1962年的书中确认,到了1860年顶着万能梗头衔的犬才算是到了顶峰。虽然没有历史上的证据亦或是清晰的目的“万能梗的祖先确实存在着杂交现象。”但是这种杂交却并没有阻碍到这种无法进行确切定义的生物,它们凭借着压倒性的流行程度以及犬主参加犬展的积极性占据了约克郡农业犬展的主导地位。Compton与他的同僚们提供了十九世纪70年代期间100~200只犬的信息。它们的被毛、眼睛、耳朵、体型还有犬种样式就跟它们多变的名字一样善变。可能12只赛犬都大相径庭,没有谁知道到底哪一只是正确的。

Phillips找到了明显的原因来解释此事万能梗,犬展组织者是无法拒绝200只参赛犬的,尽管这些赛犬的来历不明。“这种生活在水边的梗犬数量庞大,Bingley犬展执行人凭着勇气和独到的远见为这个犬种指派了组别,这些犬也就是Bingley梗。1875年至1879年间这些犬有着不错的参赛记录。”从众多的历史学家中他引用了HughDalziel参加1879年Bingley农业犬展的经历,在审查这些混杂的梗犬组时他说,“现在我们正在审查的是来自艾尔河岸(RiverAire)的产物,干脆就叫它们艾尔谷梗(编者注:Airedale Terrier艾尔谷梗因其工作的多样性,也被称为万能梗)如何?”

猎犬

尽管这个事情被广泛地记录下来,实际上这种犬的命名却没这么简单地敲定。Dalziel的评论随着约克郡的发展很快地引起了国际范围的关注。当地人很不客气地做了一番评论,毕竟Bingley是其发迹的名字。“水边的梗犬、Bingley、艾尔谷梗、刚毛梗,在命名上各执一词不肯松口。因此很多犬展会在这个犬种的描述上添加两或三个曾用过的名字,以防混淆。”《新万能梗》一书中就说犬展组织者为了避免激怒他们的最佳客户都在尽力避讳这个难缠的问题。

这并不是单独现象。对很多人而言万能梗,将这种在英格兰北部产生的不定型犬类称之为“梗”太过专横了。Compton说过:“人们确实曾经讨论过是否该将万能梗归到猎犬组,在更早期的时候这种犬的外形也确实非常接近猎犬。”在R.M. Palmer于1911年发布自己撰写的《万能梗》一书时他已经繁殖万能梗超过20年。即便是拥有如此丰富的经验,他都考虑过把这种犬归到梗犬组会不会是一个错误。“与其他犬种的名称相比,万能梗的名字是那么与众不同,随着时间的推移,即便是犬舍俱乐部的清单中都把梗的后缀名给去掉了。在特性上万能梗已经自成一体了。”

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