凯利兰梗的渊源和特点

凯利2113蓝梗 Kerry Blue Terrier 凯利蓝梗又称爱尔5261兰梗是4102爱尔兰国犬.该犬种来源不清…

凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗美容_凯利蓝梗 性格

凯利2113蓝梗 Kerry Blue Terrier

凯利蓝梗又称爱尔5261兰梗是4102爱尔兰国犬.该犬种来源不清,传说是1588年在遇难的西班牙无敌舰队逃出1653之后,漂流到爱尔兰沿海,成为西班牙犬系的子孙,也有人认为,凯利蓝梗是由相当大型的爱尔兰列狼犬血统发展出来的品种.

历史:据说凯利蓝梗为地道的爱尔兰原产犬种.18世纪时,在爱尔兰被用作斗犬,猎犬,牧羊犬,家庭守门犬等.后来又加入短脚长身梗及贝林登梗的品种.第一次世界大战后,美国肯内尔犬俱乐部认可了此犬品种.

性质:温和,忠实,有活力,也有顽固的个性,必须严加训练,才能成为优秀的家庭犬.该犬非常喜欢清洁,卷毛不脱毛和换毛.展示用的凯利蓝梗,必须细心加以修剪及装饰.

头部:长,和身体相称,头盖平,额段角度小.颚上的须密集.

耳:小,呈V字型,贴着双颊向前方折下.

眼:中小眼睛,暗色.

凯利蓝梗 性格_凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗美容

身体:短且厚实,胸部有弹力,背部水平.

被毛:极厚和柔软的丝状毛,色为蓝灰色,有时也可看见部分黑毛.凯利蓝梗出生时被毛为黑色,通常18个月内被毛会变成特有的蓝灰色.

四肢:长度适中,力强,前肢直,后肢健壮.

足部:小巧适中,圆形坚挺,爪呈黑色.

尾:断尾,长度适中,尾跟位置高,保持直立状.

理想身高:雄:46~48 雌:比雄稍小

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凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗 性格_凯利蓝梗美容

凯利蓝梗(Kerry Blue Terrier)

凯利蓝梗源于爱尔兰,在凯利蓝的山区首次引起人们的注意,因而由此命名。凯利蓝梗在它的祖籍纯种繁衍了上百年。

凯利蓝梗具有高贵、活泼、机智的特性,而且这种梗善于训服,精于劳作,在爱尔兰和英格兰用于捕获猎物和各种鸟类,并可把捕到的猎物从水中或野地里带回来,这种犬也善于放牧牛羊。

人们习惯于把凯利蓝梗归于劳动型和运动型的梗,从没想过把它作为一种近似“方凳”的观赏物。后来,经过塑造,凯利蓝梗开始亮相而且引起人们的青睐,最先引起注意的凯利蓝梗来自都柏林犬展。这种爱尔兰梗由爱尔兰都柏林兰梗俱乐部的H.G FoHerell组织发起,进行培养。

英国的育种人员很快便意识到如果进行恰当的育种可挖掘凯利蓝梗的潜能,而且俱乐部对凯利蓝梗进行了正规的分类。一时间,凯利蓝梗的声望陡增,倍受人们宠爱,每次犬展总有许多凯利蓝梗参赛。

由瓦特威廉姆上尉组建的英国凯利蓝梗俱乐部,是英国凯利蓝梗的支柱。在外形的修饰上,英国标准与美国标准存在细微的差别。

人们或多或少会提出这样的疑问,是谁在哪儿首次引进凯利蓝梗。事实上,凯利蓝梗首次重要的亮相是在1922年Westminster。随后两年里,凯利蓝梗被麦迪生花园广场培训调教成具有各种特质的犬,1924年,美国养犬俱乐部将凯利蓝梗认可为一种冠军级别的犬。

凯利蓝梗美容_凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗 性格

1926年Westminster犬展期间,一些育种人员往纽约的waldorf Astora相遇并组建了美国的凯利蓝梗惧乐部。他们的出发点在于鼓励饲养凯利蓝梗,并定为一种标准的方式,将其饲喂成优质的应用型及运动型犬。

凯利蓝梗具备多方面的才能,更具备追踪和叼回猎物的本能,它适合各种形式的工作,而且易于训化,具有不屈不挠的精神,看家犬难以超越它。在英格兰的历史上,凯利蓝梗曾胜任警犬的工作。如果饲养管理好,而且专门的食物和指定的训练,凯利蓝梗生命期很长,临近老年依然忠于职守。实际上6~8岁间的凯利蓝梗仍被认为是青年犬。

品种标准

【整体外貌】典型的凯利蓝梗,站立稳妥,平衡能力强,显示出训练有素的姿态。肌肉发达,具有典型的梗类特征,一种矮小而善跳跃的凯利蓝梗

具备典型的特征。

【大小,比例和结构】理想的凯利蓝梗,公犬的身高应为47.O厘米,而母犬明显小一些,在判别凯利蓝梗是依据基本的参数,公犬一般为45.7~49.5厘米,母犬44.6~48.3厘米。只有那些来自猎区具有清晰特征的,相对优良的品种,在评判时才给予较宽的自由度。凯利蓝梗公犬的身高决不可能高于50.8厘米或低于44.6厘米,母犬也应限制在43.2—49.5厘米。这些细微的限度不应用于小犬上。成熟凯利蓝梗公犬严格的体重范围为14.97~19.96千克,母犬的体重相应轻些。发育优良,肌肉发达。脚部骨骼和肌肉结实,腿也相应较长。

【头部】头部较长但不过分,与全身形成恰当的比例。身体平衡能力强。眼睛——又小又黑,但不突出,带有敏锐的梗类特性。眼睛为黄色的不受欢迎。耳朵——呈v形,小,但与身体比例配合得当,中等厚度,起于颅骨折叠而下,垂于脸颊。如果耳朵的外形像猎犬样的凯利蓝梗不符合标准。颅骨——扁平,带有不明显的鼻梁,两耳之间的宽度逐渐缩小于两眼之间。前脸饱满,不明显地延伸到眼睛下面,楔形轮廓凯利蓝梗,颅骨与前额的长度存在不明显

凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗 性格_凯利蓝梗美容

的差别。下颌深,坚实而健壮。

面颊——面颊规则而平整。鼻子—黑色,鼻孔大而宽。牙齿——坚硬而洁白整齐,呈剪状咬合。

【颈部,背线和躯体】颈部——匀称而长度适中,白头部至肩部逐渐变宽,背部短小,坚实而笔直,没有明显的凹陷,胸部厚而宽度适中。肋骨隆起,又圆又深。明显收拢。腰部短小而有力。尾巴高翘,长度适中,垂直地面竖起,尾巴竖立得越直越好。

【前躯】肩部纤细,向后延伸而又恰到好处地收拢,肘部与身体垂直,易于运动。不论从前面看还是侧面看前腿笔直,后腿短小、笔直。脚部结合紧密,相当圆,大小适中,带有厚的肉垫,走动时不会发出声音,脚趾弧形,不向里翻也不向外展,其上有黑色的趾甲。

【后躯】强壮,肌肉发达凯利蓝梗,运动自如,易于下蹲,掌骨长而有力,后膝关节弯度恰好,既不向里翻也不向外展;后脚跗关节接近地面,从后面观察时,两后腿直立而平行,易于稳定身体。

【被毛】被毛柔软,浓密,弯曲。毛发粗糙或短而硬的毛发不符合标准,在展览会上,凯利蓝梗的身体和头部覆盖着整齐修剪过的被毛(除了颊髭)。但耳部和面颊要清晰地露出来。

【颜色】凯利蓝梗成熟后,除了吻部、头部、耳朵、尾巴和脚部明显稍黑外,身体毛色从深蓝灰色到浅蓝灰色再到蓝灰色或灰蓝色。凯利蓝梗刚出生时毛色明显黑,成熟后呈灰蓝色或蓝灰色,其中经过一个深蓝色的转变过程 (较深灰蓝还要深),以及淡棕色,棕色和蓝色杂色的转变过程,最后逐渐形成成熟的毛色。18个月以前,颜色的变化是没有规则的,没有一致性。18个月以后,任何显著的变化都被严格的限制,在犬展中完全黑色的会被取消展出资格。到了18个月时犬的毛色是黑的还是深兰的应该已被确定了,特别对于鼻头、头、耳朵、尾部和脚部黑色在任何年龄都是允许的。

【步态】行动自如,肘部与身体垂直,步履娇捷。行走时前后腿直线向前运动。膝关节不向里翻也不向外展。

失格条件:

身体纯黑色,后腿有狼爪

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