凯利蓝梗

蓝色皮毛是凯利蓝梗的典型特征。也有传说是1588年在遇难的西班牙无敌舰队逃出之后,漂流到爱尔兰沿海,成为西班牙犬系的子孙…

凯利蓝梗 性格_凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗美容

蓝色皮毛是凯利蓝梗的典型特征。也有传说是1588年在遇难的西班牙无敌舰队逃出之后,漂流到爱尔兰沿海,成为西班牙犬系的子孙,也有人认为,凯利蓝梗是由相当大型的爱尔兰猎狼犬血统发展出来的品种。 凯利蓝梗凯利蓝梗,具备多方面的才能,更具备追踪和叼回猎物的本能,它适合各种形式的工作,而且易于训化,具有不屈不挠的精神,看家犬难以超越它。在英格兰的历史上,凯利蓝梗曾胜任警犬的工作。如果饲养管理好,而且专门的食物和指定的训练,凯利蓝梗生命期很长,临近老年依然忠于职守。实际上6~8岁间的凯利蓝梗仍被认为是青年犬。

发展历史

凯利蓝梗源于爱尔兰,得名于首次引起人们关注时所在的凯利蓝山区。凯利蓝猿具有高贵、活泼、机智的特性,且易于驯服,精于劳作,先前在爱尔兰和英格兰主要用于捕获猎物和各种鸟类,寻回水中或野地里捕获的猎物,也可用于放牧牛羊。凯利蓝梗首次重要的亮相是在1922年Westminster。随后凯利蓝梗被培训调教成具有各种特质的犬,1924年,美国养犬俱乐部将凯利蓝梗认可为一种冠军级别的犬。

1926年Westminster犬展期间,一些育种人员在waldorf Astora组建了美国的凯利蓝梗俱乐部。目的在于鼓励饲养凯利蓝梗,并将其饲喂成优质的应用型及运动型犬。

形态特征

头部较长但不过分。V字性耳朵,且比例适中,中等厚度,起于颅骨折叠而下,垂于脸颊。眼睛又小又黑,带有敏锐的梗类特性。鼻子黑色,鼻孔大而宽。牙齿洁白坚硬,呈剪状咬合。颈部匀称而长度适中。胸部厚而宽度适中。背部短小,坚实而笔直。尾巴高翘,长度适中,垂直于地面竖起,尾巴竖立的越直越好。前后腿都笔直有力,脚部结合紧密,大小适中。带有厚的肉垫,走动时不会发出声音,脚趾呈弧形,不向里翻也不向外展。

凯利蓝梗美容_凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗 性格

性格特征

性格温和,有活力聪明,忠于饲主,也有顽皮的时候,偶尔闹些“小情绪”。警惕性很高,对陌生人和其他动物的防范意识很强。对于那些“非法”进入到它领地的动物,偶尔会发起袭击。

饲养方法

这种曾被归于劳动型和运动型的活泼狗狗,经过了几代人的塑造,成为了人们的宠物,并且不负众望,得到了人们加倍的宠爱。凯利蓝梗是一种-I-分爱运动的犬种,所以它们需要大量有营养的食物。

虽然凯利蓝梗的祖先生活在田问或农场里,每天有很大的运动量。但现在家庭饲养的凯利蓝梗因为其身材的关系,已经不再需要太大的运动量了。

凯利蓝梗是一个非常聪明的犬种,在训惮东时,你不需要过多地考虑它是否能够明白你的意图。只是,顽皮的凯利蓝有时会像小孩子一样,正确完成动作后,要及时地用它们喜爱的玩具作为奖励。

凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗 性格_凯利蓝梗美容

梳理犬毛

早晚应各梳毛1次,每次梳毛5分钟。

梳毛要注意顺序:由颈部开始,由前向后,自上而下顺次进行,即先从颈部到肩部,然后依次背、胸、腰、腹、后躯,再梳头部,最后是四肢和尾部,梳理过程中应梳完一侧再梳另一侧。

梳毛的手法:梳毛应按顺毛方向快速梳拉。许多人在给长毛犬梳毛时,只梳表面的长毛而忽略了下面的细茸毛梳理。犬的底毛,细软而绵密,长期不梳理,会形成缠结,甚至会引起湿疹、皮癣或其他皮肤病。因此在对长毛犬梳理时,应一层一层地梳,还要把长毛翻起来,然后对其底毛进行梳理。

梳子的种类:毛刷、弹性钢丝刷和长而疏的金属梳。毛刷只能使长毛的末端蓬松,而细茸毛却梳不到。梳理长毛犬时,毛刷、弹性钢丝刷和长而疏的金属梳应配合使用。

常见病的防治和养犬者的自身保护

凯利蓝梗美容_凯利蓝梗 性格_凯利蓝梗

现将犬病中最严重和最常见的做以下简介

狂犬病:是由滤过性病毒引起的急性传染病,该病人畜共患,危害十分严重,死亡率几乎100%,至今无药可医,注射狂犬疫苗是惟一的有效预防措施。目前我国生产的预防狂犬病的疫苗有两种:狂犬病弱毒细胞冻干苗和狂犬病疫苗。狂犬病弱毒细胞冻干苗,用灭菌水稀释后,不论犬只大小,一律皮下注射1毫升,免疫期1年。狂犬病疫苗,体重4千克以下的犬,每次注射3毫升;体重4千克以上的犬,每次注射5毫升,免疫期半年。此外,注射五联苗或六联苗,更是预防狂犬病等多种疫病的良法:上述疫苗接种后虽无明显的不良反应,但应按说明注射。

蛔虫病:是传播很广泛的肠道寄生虫病,严重影响幼犬和青年犬的正常发育。

伪狂犬病:本病是由病毒引起的多种家畜和野生动物共患的传染病,猪的发病率高,犬也感染。犬是由于吃了患伪狂犬病的牛肉、猪肉、鼠肉等被感染,或由犬的伤口感染所致。病犬死亡率高,但并不向外排泄病毒。病初凝视、沉郁、搔抓受伤处。伤口周围红肿,病犬呻吟、拒食、呕吐,啃咬异物,咽麻痹,流口涎,出现类似狂犬病的症状而死亡。本病以预防为主:严禁犬进入猪舍,对4月龄以上的幼犬注射伪狂犬病弱毒疫苗是良策。

犬细小病毒病:本病是近几年分别发现由病畜的粪、尿,唾液等感染的犬科动物传染病。主要危害幼犬。肠炎型的病人精神不振,体温升高,拒食、呕吐、腹泻,排出稀糊便、水样便和喷射式排出番茄样的臭便凯利蓝梗,不久因脱水死亡,心肌型的病犬腹泻轻,往往突然死于呼吸困难。本病易误诊为肠炎、痢疾、肺炎等。病犬死亡率10%—50%凯利蓝梗,病犬由兽医对症治疗,注射抗毒素1号对本病有较好的疗效。发病前注射犬细小病毒疫苗或五联疫苗是预防本病的上策。

犬瘟热:本病是病毒引起的急性传染病,主要危害3—12月龄的幼犬。病犬食欲减退、呕吐、倦怠、寒战、咳嗽、高烧,粪便恶臭或带血;跟怕光、流泪,流鼻涕或脓样鼻液,出现支气管炎或肺炎病变;躯体痉挛样运动,尖叫狂奔,口吐白沫或倒地抽搐,病程或长或短,愈后往往有后躯无力的后遗症,有的几个月后死亡。本病多发生在寒冷的10—4月,病死率高。治疗本病可注射安乃近、肌肉注射青霉素或口服磺胺类药物。断奶的幼犬接种五联疫苗是预防本病的上策。

凯利蓝梗_凯利蓝梗 性格_凯利蓝梗美容

犬传染性肝炎:本病是由犬传染肝炎病毒引起的急性败血性传染病,主要侵害1岁龄以内的幼犬。本病初起,体温升至41℃,倦怠、渴饮、腹泻、便血、怕光、拱背等。幼犬死亡率高;成年犬耐过危险期可康复。本病输液和补充维生素B、维生素C治疗,注射抗生素预防感染,口服肝太乐护肝。

犬结核病:结核病有人型、牛型、禽型三种。犬结核病由人型或牛型结核病菌引起。幼犬易发病,对人也有威胁。患开放性肺结核的病犬,应扑杀和深埋处理,以免扩大传染。

大脑膜炎:本病由脑膜炎病原菌感染发病。病犬阵发性 肌肉僵直或抽搐,角弓反张。病犬无治疗价值,应扑杀深埋处理。

犬脑炎:本病或因神经细胞被破坏、或由犬瘟热病毒引起、或因脑内原虫侵入、或其他病毒感染等不同的病因引起的病变。主要症状是高烧、呕吐、嗜睡、颈强直、惊厥抽搐、意识不清,死于呼吸衰竭。发病早期可对症治疗;病情严重的应扑杀和深埋处理。

肺炎:病犬精神不振,食欲不佳,喜卧地,爱饮水,体温39.5—40℃。有明显的肺炎征兆。本病可注射安痛定降体温,肌肉注射青霉素或口服红霉素的疗效也很好。

犬霉菌肺炎:本病系霉菌感染,也传染人。霉菌性肺炎的症状:咳嗽、呼吸困难、腹水、腹泻、严重脱水等。

犬感冒:本病由于淋雨、受凉、疲劳过度和营养不良等致病。病犬厌食、高烧、流泪、咳嗽、呼吸和脉搏加快、精神沉郁等。

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