狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉?

狗狗有泪痕怎么办?这个问题可能很多铲屎官都问过,度娘随随便便就是1,120,000个搜索结果,居然还有人专门为狗狗去泪痕…

狗狗有泪痕怎么办?这个问题可能很多铲屎官都问过,度娘随随便便就是1,120,000个搜索结果,居然还有人专门为狗狗去泪痕建立了百度词条。

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第1张-狗粮博士
 

但是,随意翻了翻排名首页的文章,江湖郎中!无稽之谈!什么鬼嘛!99.99%都存在严重的误区,甚至存在不少错误的治疗手段,如果你要问剩下的0.01%在哪里?那就是未来登上头版头条以及现在你正在阅读的

不吹不黑,一篇文章带你解决狗子的泪痕问题,美容瞬间变整容。

1 什么是泪痕?

通俗的讲,泪痕是由狗狗眼睛分泌物长期堆积在眼睛下方毛发而形成的红棕色痕迹,尤其是浅色毛发的狗狗,泪痕现象就会显得格外严重,这个道理就跟黑人看不见黑眼圈一样,举几个例子。

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第2张-狗粮博士
深色毛发的狗狗同样也会产生泪痕

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第3张-狗粮博士
 

很多时候泪痕在视觉上都会给我们造成一种狗狗身体不健康的表象,然鹅其实百分之90%的泪痕都跟健康无关

要注意的是,「泪痕」现象不分体型、品种、毛色,如果想要一双卡姿兰大眼睛,所有家长都应该谨慎小心。

2 为什么流眼泪?

狗狗与人类一样,需要分泌眼泪来滋润眼球,因此,流眼泪是一件很正常的事情

但是如果眼泪过多,那一定是哪里出问题了。俗话说,知其然就要知其所以然,先来看看狗狗的眼泪相关的系统是怎么工作的:

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第4张-狗粮博士
 

泪腺

与人类一样,泪腺就是眼睛的水龙头,狗狗依靠泪腺来分泌泪水

鼻泪管

鼻泪管是排泪的重要工具之一。狗狗的上下眼睑头部分别有两个小孔,这两个小孔连着一根叫做鼻泪管的隧道。顾名思义,狗狗的眼泪能够通过鼻泪管从鼻腔排出,有时可以帮助狗狗更好的湿润鼻头,当眼泪过多时,狗狗也会通过舔鼻子把它舔掉。

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第5张-狗粮博士

那究竟为什么我的狗狗会流泪呢?主要是以下几种原因:

01 排泪工具受损

当鼻泪管堵塞时,狗狗就没法很好的通过内部系统的运作来排出眼泪,多余的泪水只能从眼角溢出,长期堆积就是泪痕形成的原因之一。

02 基因构造缺陷

一些特殊品种的短鼻狗(例如斗牛,八哥,西施,猴面犬等)和扁脸猫,它们天生鼻子较短(可以说是很难找到鼻梁在哪了)你想象一下,把正常狗狗的鼻子横向压缩,里面的鼻泪管也会变得弯弯曲曲。

因此这类型的宠物鼻泪管曲度较,排出的泪液有限,堆积泪水形成泪痕的可能性就会更高。但是没有一只狗狗生下来就是鼻泪管完全堵塞的。

03 耳道感染

耳朵感染以后,耳朵深处的疼痛感会刺激到狗狗泪腺,加上由于瘙痒,狗狗会控制不住地用爪子挠耳朵,也会刺激到许多面部神经,进而导致狗狗过多地分泌泪液。

04 毛发刺激

睫毛倒插、毛发刺激也会引起狗狗眼睛不适,常发生于眼皮褶皱的狗狗身上,比如沙皮。

无论出现以上何种情况,都要记住:流眼泪是一种正常的现象,不用过分担心。

05 泪腺炎和遗传病

当然还有一些的病理因素,比如原发性泪水过多症,或是由于环境污浊造成的炎症感染等等。

因此,一旦发现狗狗眼部有红肿,感染的迹象,同时狗狗感到瘙痒难耐,不断挠眼睛附近部位的时候,请及时去医院就医。

3 为什么有泪痕?

在新学了鼻泪管这个名词之后,不少家长有一种茅塞顿开的感悟。可是不对啊,就算是眼泪漫溢造成的泪痕,眼泪不是透明的吗,为什么会留下红棕色的痕迹?

先介绍另外一个可以用来吹牛的名词——卟啉(bǔ lín)

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第6张-狗粮博士
狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第7张-狗粮博士
 

卟啉是一种大分子化合物,许多卟啉以与金属离子配合的形式存在于自然界中。卟啉作为一种代谢物。对于猫咪和狗狗来说,它们体内的卟啉也会从眼泪唾液汗液中排出。

很多不深入的文章讲到这里就会告诉你「哎呀,都是眼泪中的卟啉让你的狗子有了泪痕」,在此,我们为大家澄清的是:不要因为认识了一个看起来很厉 (shēng) 害 (pì) 的新词语,就急着去吹牛逼。

因为!并不是卟啉直接导致狗狗出现泪痕,卟啉本身可没有这个特异功能!你想啊,它都没有颜色怎么给你的狗子染色,要是这样的话,下次你再染杀马特红的时候都不用去理发店了,自己制造染发剂不就好了。

是什么让眼泪变了色?

前文提到,卟啉喜欢和金属离子勾搭在一起,所有的故事也是这么开始的。在狗狗排出的众多卟啉中,有各种金属离子合成的「X卟啉」,其中引起泪痕现象的就是含铁元素的卟啉,铁卟啉

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第8张-狗粮博士

*铁+卟啉=铁卟啉化合物(血红细胞)

虽然眼泪的成分98.2%都是水,但是当含有铁卟啉化合物的液体排泄物落在狗狗毛发又没有及时擦拭,一旦水分蒸发了,其中的铁元素经过空气中的氧化,就生成了氧化铁,氧化铁俗称铁红,顾名思义,它是红色的,日积月累的氧化铁聚在一起最后就形成了显性的红色泪痕,所以氧化铁才是红色泪痕形成的真正原因

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第9张-狗粮博士
狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第10张-狗粮博士

氧化铁

当然,除了眼泪,前文我们提到狗狗体内的铁卟啉也会通过唾液和汗液排出。

唾液

狗狗的嘴角周围毛发呈红色

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第11张-狗粮博士
 

汗液

狗狗的汗腺存在于舌头和脚掌(四爪内侧的小肉球中),温度高时以足底排汗的方式调节体温,因此很多细心的家长会发现狗狗脚掌周围的毛发也呈红色。

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第12张-狗粮博士
 

其实它们都是同一个原理:

眼泪中的卟啉+身体内的铁元素+遇到空气氧化=红色泪痕

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第13张-狗粮博士
这样分析下来,这着实是一个正常的生理现象,大多数家长都不需为此担忧。

但是如果你的狗狗泪痕除了颜色更深之外,还散发出别样的异味,那就意味着你家狗狗不小心进入了剩下的极小概率行列——真菌感染,遇到这样的情况,及时就医

4 怎样解决泪痕?

虽然99%的泪痕问题都与健康无关,但是爱美之心人人有之嘛,在看过那么多文章、经验贴和深入分析之后,最重要的实践方法来啦!

01 减少流泪

避免粉尘、细菌对眼球的刺激

尽量不要使用塑料陶瓷碗。塑料碗或陶瓷碗容易发生刮痕和裂痕,造成细菌滋生,细菌及碗缝隙中的粉尘容易刺激狗狗的眼睛,导致更多眼泪的分泌。不锈钢饭碗是一个不错的选择,不容易造成过敏和细菌滋生。

另外,请主人要勤洗双手。这是为了避免我们在喂狗狗、擦拭眼睛以及喂食的过程中,由于手上过多的细菌刺激到狗狗。也就是说,家长要做好自身的清洁工作。

放狗粮的碗要选择不锈钢制品,不要用塑料碗和陶瓷碗。

疏通鼻泪管

给狗狗按摩鼻子。类似人类的眼保健操,按摩鼻泪管靠近眼睛的部位,每次三十秒,每天两到三次,这种大保健类的动作对人和动物都是大有益的。

定期修剪眼周毛发

有时候,狗狗眼周的毛发过长,会刺激到眼球,造成狗狗眼睛不适,因此建议定期为狗狗修剪眼周毛发

02 降低眼泪中铁卟啉的含量

降低铁元素的摄入

少吃含铁量高的食物。比如鸡蛋、肝脏、血、黄豆及其制品、红肉(包括牛、羊、猪肉)、木耳、蘑菇、海带等等。

建议可以选择一些白肉为主要配方的狗粮比如鸡肉配方狗粮、鸭肉配方狗粮等等。避免牛肉、羊肉为主的狗粮,有些鱼肉配方的狗粮里面会有海带之类的海产品,因此也不推荐。

很多狗粮厂商利用去泪痕概念抬高狗粮的售价。对此,如果你的钱包鼓鼓,也可以作为你的选择,毕竟他们为消费者们做好了食材的筛选。但是如果囊中羞涩又想解决泪痕问题,可以参照我文章中的这些含铁量高的食物清单,去狗粮配方内一一比对。

增加汗排泄卟啉

即降低眼泪排出铁卟啉的比例,多运动、多喝水、多排汗、多排尿

03 避免氧化铁日积月累

最简单而又极为有效的方法:认认真真地擦干净,每天早晚各擦洗狗狗眼部周围的毛发一次。看见流眼泪就及时擦掉,毕竟氧化的过程也是需要时间的嘛,有的狗狗因为天生的缘故不可避免会流眼泪,但是如果主人足够勤劳,稍加上心,就可以避免眼泪堆积到氧化变色。

04 分解已经日积月累的氧化铁

使用溶剂(VC或硼酸):对,你没看错,就是VC泡腾片的VC,哪儿哪儿都有卖的。如果你觉得还想更厉害一些,可以试试硼酸,因为去泪痕产品中的有效成分正是硼酸,而它恰好也出现在隐形眼镜药水里。

某宝上去泪痕产品成分:

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第14张-狗粮博士
价格:158RMB

某宝上隐形眼镜药水产品成分:

狗狗泪痕严重怎么办,怎么去掉? 喂养知识 第15张-狗粮博士
价格:38RMB

一瓶去泪痕的清洗液250毫升要158元,而一瓶隐形药水对应的只要38元!整整4倍的价差!

5 错误观念

01 盐分摄入

盐大概是治疗泪痕里最玄学的观念了。这里要让大家失望的是盐没问题!盐跟泪痕是清清白白的关系!

但你可以怪红烧的食物,因为红烧食物中包含酱油,酱油包含大豆,大豆包含铁元素,会有一些影响,但是盐不背这个锅。

当然,过量摄入盐可能导致高血压、增加肾脏的负担,对狗狗身体造成危害。但跟泪痕没多大关系,不影响狗子的美观。

02 眼药水没必要

一些去细菌和真菌的眼药水,尽量不要用。真不知道某宝是怎么了,去泪痕清洗液也就算了,居然还跳出来成千上百的去泪痕眼药水,简直玄学,如果真的异常流泪请及时就医,但是仅仅为了美观去泪痕,强烈建议不要乱用眼药水,毕竟眼睛又没病!

03 一些有抗生素的药水

长期使用含抗生素的药水会让狗狗体内的细菌对抗生素产生耐药性,也就是说,下一次狗狗生病的时候,类似的药物看到细菌就会变得没那么有效了。所以为了狗狗的长期健康着想,尽量避免为了一点小事,使用含有抗生素的药水。

看完这篇文章,知道狗狗有泪痕怎么办了吧?

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